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Traumatic Brain Injury
  What is a TBI?

  Types of TBI

  Effects of a TBI

  Physiotherapy treatment following a TBI

  Why Manchester Neuro Physio

  TBI Resources


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What is a Traumatic Brain Injury?

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused initially by a blow to the head. TBI also includes potential complications seen after the initial injury caused by lack of oxygen to the brain tissues or increased pressure within the skull.

A TBI can, therefore, be analysed as three ‘injuries’:

First injury:

  • This is the initial injury occurring in the seconds after the accident.
  • Damage is described as closed, open or crush injuries.
Second Injury:
  • This occurs when the oxygen supply to the brain is reduced in the minutes and hours after the accident, worsening the damage already caused by the first injury.
  • This can be caused by an obstruction to an airway or serious blood loss.
Third Injury:
  • This occurs as a result of blood leaking from damaged blood vessels, over a period of days or weeks, into the area causing the brain to swell.
  • The skull is a fixed space and the brain can suffer damage if it squeezes against it.
  • If the brain swells it can squeeze the blood vessels, limiting the brain's blood circulation.

Traumatic Brain Injury
→ What is a TBI?
→ Types of TBI
→ Effects of TBI
→ Physiotherapy treatment following a TBI
→ Why Manchester Neuro Physio



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