As there is no cure for Parkinson's disease at present, drugs are used to try to control the symptoms. In the majority of newly diagnosed people considerable improvements can be achieved by careful introduction of anti-Parkinson drugs. When only mild symptoms are present, individuals may decide, together with their GP/consultant, to delay drug treatment until their symptoms increase and instead rely on a healthy lifestyle, focusing on exercise, relaxation and diet.
As Parkinson's disease is a very individual condition medication is prescribed and adapted to individual needs. Response to medication varies from person to person and not every medication will be considered suitable for everyone.
Types of medication commonly used are:
- Dopamine agonists
- COMT inhibitors
- MAO-B inhibitors
- Glutamate antagonists
Surgery is available for some people with Parkinsonís disease, dependent on symptoms. This includes:
- Deep brain stimulation