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What is Meningitis?

What is Meningitis?

Meningitis is known as inflammation of the meninges, which are membranes that surround the spinal cord and brain. Inflammation of the meninges can either be a result of a bacterial or viral infection.

Bacterial Meningitis, is very serious and is classed as a medical emergency, if left untreated it can cause blood infections and damage to the brain. It is most common in children under 5 and teenagers aged 15-19. This can be treated with intravenous antibiotics and in some severe cases admission to intensive care to monitor vital signs is needed.

Viral Meningitis is the most common and not as serious as bacterial meningitis. This can be misdiagnosed as flu, and is most common in children. This is treated by pain medication, anti-sickness tablets and plenty of rest.

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